Today I am posting 2 excellent works on the life of Christ.
1. A Harmony Of The Gospels For Students Of The Life Of Christ by the noted Southern Baptist scholar A. T. Robertson. I have used several Gospel harmonies in the past and I think this is the best.
2. The Life Of Christ by J. Gresham Machen. This book is a short introduction of the person and work of Jesus Christ and is well suited for self-study or teaching Bible Classes. Dr. Machen was an American Presbyterian scholar, apologist, and author.
The following article The Person Of Christ by R. A. Finlayson was a help to me, especially in understanding the Kenosis theory vs. the Krypsis theory (which I was unfamiliar with). Finlayson has the ability to cover a lot of theology in just a few words. This article is definitely worth a read.
I am pleased to be able to provide a copy of the book Triumph Through Tribulation (A Frank Appraisal Of Twenty Arguments That The Church Will Not Pass Through The Tribulation), by Dr. Norman Spurgeon MacPherson. In the book MacPherson gives the background on the Biblical term ‘tribulation’ and completely disproves the arguments for a pretrib rapture.
Note: I was given permission to post this book by Dr. MacPherson’s son Dave MacPherson.
W. J. Grier was an Irish Presbyterian minister and author. He wrote several books and numerous articles. Attached is one of his excellent essays on Justification By Faith:
In the opening of his essay “Law And Grace” John Murray states:
“No subject is more intimately bound up with the nature of the gospel than that of law and grace. In the degree to which error is entertained at this point, in the same degree is our conception of the gospel perverted”. Murray goes on to state the classic covenantal understanding in his comprehensive essay:
The Shortest Sermon
“This sermon is just 1 minute 48 seconds long but it sums up the last 35 years of my full time Christian ministry. If I never preached another sermon, this is the one I’d want you to remember me by.
Here’s the context – a story Jesus told about being a neighbor.
“On one occasion an expert in the law stood up to test Jesus. “Teacher,” he asked, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?” “What is written in the Law?” he replied. “How do you read it?” He answered, “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’; and, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’” “You have answered correctly,” Jesus replied. “Do this and you will live. “But he wanted to justify himself, so he asked Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”
The Gospel Of The Incarnation is a book of 2 sermons preached by B. B. Warfield in the Chapel of Princeton Seminary. The sermons were so popular that the students requested that they be published. I have formatted the book and converted it to an e-book:
Ask several people “what is the Gospel?” and you probably get a number of different answers ranging from “the Good News” to a lengthy theological explanation. Reformed theologian Loraine Boettner wrote a booklet answering the question and it is well worth reading. In it he addresses a wide range of subjects and compares the Calvinistic and Arminian view of the Gospel.
Recently I posted “Figures Of Speech Used In The Bible” by E. W. Bullinger, a detailed and highly technical work. Today I am posting a short paper “Figures Of Speech” by Robert I. Bradshaw. It looks like it designed as a self-study lesson because it has questions and spaces for answers. It is very a good introduction to the types of figures of speech and idioms used in the Bible:
Bradshaw’s website is at www.biblicalstudies.org.uk where he maintains a library of helpful materials.
I ran across a little book on the resurrection of Jesus Christ by a lawyer named George W. Gere titled “Did Jesus Rise? Evidences Of The Resurrection From The View-Point Of A Lawyer”. I was able to reformat it and convert it to PDF format. The author has some interesting points that are worth considering.
Today I am posting “The Death Of Christ”, an e-book by James Denney.
About the author: James Denney, D.D. (1856-1917) was a Scottish theologian and preacher. Denney was Professor of Systematic Theology at Free Church College Glasgow in 1897 and spent the rest of his life teaching there.
Denney’s greatest contribution to theological literature is in his robust defense of the penal character of the atonement. First expressed in his Studies in Theology, it found its fullest expression in his 1902 work The Death of Christ (London, Hodder and Stoughton, often reprinted), and its follow-up (in later editions included as an appendix in The Death of Christ), The Atonement and the Modern Mind. Denney insists that the death of Christ cannot be understood unless it is seen as a death for sin, as Christ bearing the penalty in the place of those he came to save. (info on James Denney adapted from a WikiPedia article)
I am posting the e-book Who Moved The Stone? by Frank Morison (aka Albert Henry Ross). It is a great defense of the resurrection of Christ as a historical fact. The author started out to write a book de-bunking the ‘myth’ of the resurrection and ended up becoming a christian and writing one of the best known defenses of the resurrection. It was written in 1930 and continues to be printed and circulated today.
The Divine Word by Fred Zaspel:
The apostle John is the only Biblical writer to refer to Jesus as “the Word.” He employs the other more usual titles also – Christ (Messiah), Lord, King, Lamb, etc. – but this one is unique to John. He begins his Gospel, his account of the earthly life of Jesus, by introducing Jesus as “the Word.”
Why does John refer to Jesus as “the Word” of God? What is the significance of this title? What is John trying to tell us?
One of the fundamental tenets of the Christian faith is that God speaks. Throughout all the many centuries of history God has been making himself known. He “speaks” in the very created order, revealing his power and wisdom and glory. He speaks in providence, his sovereign direction of all that is to his own ends. And he has spoken many times through the centuries to many of his chosen people and through his spokesmen the prophets. Our God speaks and makes himself known. Indeed, this is the whole ground of authority in the Christian religion. Christianity, unlike any other religion, is a revealed religion. What we believe we believe because God has communicated it to us. God has told us what is true and what is false, what is right and what is wrong, and we believe and respond accordingly. He has told us who he is and what he is like. He has told us how we may be saved and what will come of us if we do not comply. God has spoken. Everything about us rests on this fact. Read more…
The Incomparable Christ
“More than 1900 years ago there was a Man born contrary to the laws of nature. This man lived in poverty and was reared in obscurity. Only once did He cross the boundary of the country in which He lived, which was during His exile in childhood. In infancy He startled a king; in childhood He puzzled the doctors; in manhood He ruled the course of nature, walked upon the billows as if on pavement, and hushed the sea to sleep with just the spoken word. Read more…
The Two Covenants (The Answer To Dispensational Theology) By Philip Mauro is a defense of Covenant Theology vs. Dispensationalism. Mauro was a well respected lawyer and author. This article was taken from his book The Gospel Of The Kingdom:
For some time I have been studying Covenant Theology (CT) and New Covenant Theology (NCT) and have decided that I must fall somewhere in-between the two. I believe there are two main covenants, the old and the new, more like NCT than CT. I found an article by Mark LaVoie on solochristo.com that does a good job of showing the NCT position on covenants:
(Also see the article by F. F. Bruce:
Previously I posted a Harmony Of The Gospels Outline that was based on A. T. Robertson’s book. Here I am providing a copy of the complete book.
In my last post I quoted J. Gresham Machen on the importance of history to Christianity. I received a reply stating: “Strangely, the New Testament fails as history precisely at the most critical juncture, the resurrection.”
I have read a number of harmonies of the resurrection accounts and find them credible. I am posting one that I think is excellent by J. Gene White for anyone wishing to explore the issue:
Another short essay by Murray J. Harris is at:
(A Quote from: The Evidence for the Resurrection By J. N. D. Anderson, MA, LLD. The entire book is available below)
“The empty tomb stands, a veritable rock, as an essential element in the evidence for the resurrection. To suggest that it was not in fact empty at all, as some have done, seems to me ridiculous. It is a matter of history that the apostles from the very beginning made many converts in Jerusalem, hostile as it was, by proclaiming the glad news that Christ had risen from the grave – and they did it within a short walk from the sepulchre. Any one of their hearers could have visited the tomb and come back again between lunch and whatever may have been the equivalent of afternoon tea. Is it conceivable, then, that the apostles would have this success if the body of the one they proclaimed as risen Lord was all the time decomposing in Joseph’s tomb? Would a great company of the priests and many hard-headed Pharisees have been impressed with the proclamation of a resurrection which was in fact no resurrection at all, but a mere message of spiritual survival couched in the misleading terms of a literal rising from the grave?”
“Speaking In Tongues In The NT” by John A. Battle. He defines the cessationist position on the subject. This article first appeared in the Western Reformed Seminary Journal.
Dr. Merrill C. Tenney points out that every major doctrine of the Christian faith is touched upon in these two letters of Paul:
“Paul and those who received his epistles believed in one living God (I 1:9), the Father (II 1:2), who has loved men and has chosen them to enjoy his salvation (II 2:16; I 1:4). He has sent deliverance form wrath through Jesus Christ, his Son (I 1:10), and has revealed this deliverance through the message of the gospel (I 1:5; 2:9; II 2:14). This message has been confirmed and has been made real by the power of the Holy Spirit (I 1:5); 4:8). The gospel concerns the Lord Jesus Christ, who was killed by the Jews (I 2:15). He rose from the dead (I 1:10; 4:14; 5:10).
He is now in heaven (I 1:10), but he will come again (I 2:19; 4:15; 5:23; II 2:1). To him is ascribed deity, for he is called Lord (I 1:6), God’s Son (I 1:10), and the Lord Jesus Christ (I 1:1, 3; 5:28; II 1:1). Believers receiving the word of God (I 1:6), turn from idols, serve God and wait for the return of Christ (I 1:9, 10). Their normal growth is sanctification (I 4:3, 7; II 2:13). In personal life they are to be clean (I 4:4-6), industrious (I 4:11, 12), prayerful (I 5:17), cheerful (I 5:16)”
Dr. Tenney was a professor at Wheaton College Graduate School for many years.
Years ago I read the book “Redating The NT” by J.A.T. Robinson who argued convincingly that all of the NT documents were written before 70AD. I was especially interested in the arguments for a pre-70AD date of Revelation. The following article by Hank Hanegraaff summarizes the arguments well:
Was Revelation Written Before Or After The Destruction Of The Temple In AD 70?
(This quote is from Hank Hanegraaff, The Complete Bible Answer Book–Collector’s Edition, Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2008)
Just as it is common to describe Patmos as a barren Alcatraz, misidentify the great prostitute as the Roman Catholic Church, or identify the 144,000 as exclusively Jewish male virgins, so too it is common to contend that Revelation was written long after the destruction of the temple in AD 70. Thus, according to modern-day prophecy pundits, Revelation describes events that will likely take place in the twenty-first century rather than the first century.
James Stalker (1848-1927) was born in Scotland and was a minister, a scholar, and a writer. He served as professor of church history in the United Free Church College in Aberdeen from 1902 to 1926. Well-known as a visiting lecturer, he spoke at many American colleges and seminaries and was the author of several books, including The Life of Saint Paul and The Life of Jesus Christ. These 2 books are in the public domain and can be downloaded here:
Ligonier Ministries (founded by R. C. Sproul) has published a list of their top 5 commentaries on each book of the Bible. The list was compiled by Dr. Keith Mathison. Most of the commentaries represent the reformed theology viewpoint. Check it out here:
Their blog has a lot of excellent material!
A brief Bible History e-book by James O. Boyd (OT) and J. Gresham Machen (NT):
Previously I had posted some e-books by Louis Berkhof. I am reposting updated versions. The theology e-books were replaced due to problems with the table of contents links. The NT Introduction is a new updated version from the Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL).
If you previously downloaded these books, please replace them:
Arguments For Early Dating Of The NT – Prior To 70 AD
Compiled by Theologue
(From: The Hope Of Christs Second Coming, by Samuel Tregelles, Appendix F)
It may be well to point out the force of the passages which speak of the Lord’s coming “as a thief in the night”, which, we are constantly told, prove that the Lord intends His true saints to regard His advent as momentarily imminent. Such passages occur at Mtt 24:43; Lk 12:39, 40; 1 Thess 5:2; 2 Pet 3:10; and, Rev 16:15.
With regard to them all, it may be remarked that the emblem of “a thief” is obviously used to indicate not merely the unexpectedness of the coming, but its unwelcomeness! Further, this emblem implies the advent of one who comes to take away, not to give something to those whom he visits, for “the thief cometh not but for to steal, to kill, and to destroy.”
These considerations are surely sufficient by themselves to show at the first glance that it is not the Lord’s coming in its relation to the true believer, to him who “loves His appearing,” and to whom “grace shall be brought at the revelation of Jesus Christ,” that is indicated, but its relation to the false professor of the Name of Jesus, the “evil servant,” whose words in the parable, “My lord delayeth his coming,” show that he neither expected his lord’s return nor desired it. Read more…