Following is an article from the American Presbyterian Church website on Historic Premillennialism. The American Presbyterian Church is unique in that it is Premillennial in its eschatology while Reformed in its overall theology. Some of the material was quoted from Alexander Reese’s book “The Approaching Advent Of Christ” (see endnotes):
Historic Premillennialism Defined:
Essential Definition: Premillennialism believes that there will be a literal, physical reign of Jesus Christ with the saints on this earth before the institution of the eternal state. It believes that this will happen at the second coming, at the glorious visible return of Jesus Christ at the end of this age. Hence it is called Premillennialism, believing in a Premillennial return of Jesus Christ.
- The rise of Anti-Christ, and the concomitant persecution of the Church.
- The great tribulation.
- The return of Christ at the end of the age.
- The resurrection of the just and the simultaneous rapture of the living saints.
- The conversion of the Jews at the glorious visible return of Christ.
- The institution of the millennial kingdom.
- The final revolt of the unbelieving at the end of the millennium.
- The resurrection of the wicked and the final judgment.
- The eternal state in the new heavens and the new earth.
The Second Coming Of Christ, A Look At The Any-Moment Theory By James Slater is an excellent book on the return of Christ. In it Slater disassembles the any-moment theory making a strong case for Historic Premillennialism:
Several months ago I posted the e-book The Approaching Advent Of Christ by Alexander Reese and noted that it had some formatting issues. I have updated the book and am reposting it. This book is one of the best presentations of the post-trib premillennial doctrine that I have read. Download it here:
Eschatology has been a fascinating subject for me since the early 1970’s when I worked at Wheaton College. There I became friends with J. Barton Payne and worked with him on a couple projects. Dr. Payne was an OT scholar, professor, and author. I had the privilege of reviewing his pre-publication book Encyclopedia of Biblical Prophecy (1973) which became a classic work on eschatology. Dr. Payne later wrote an article for the Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society titled The Goal Of Daniels Seventy Weeks (JETS 21/2, June 1978, pp. 97-115). I recently came across a copy in the Springfielder, a publication of Concordia Theological Seminary, Fort Wayne, Indiana (April 1976, Volume 40, Number 2). It is an interesting interpretation of the 70 weeks of Daniel.
You can download a copy here:
I have read a number of articles explaining the 5 points of Calvinism (TULIP) but this e-book The 5 Points Of Calvinism Explained by Loraine Boettner is by far the best I have seen. Boettner is quite wordy in places because he is so thorough covering all the arguments and objections to each doctrine. If you are interested in Calvinism and the Biblical basis for its theological position this is a ‘must have’ book.
I am posting a chart comparing millennial views: Dispensational Premillennialism, Historic Premillennialism, Postmillennialism, and Amillennialism. I have seen several versions of this chart on the web but do not know the author. The chart is a concise but accurate summation of the different views of the millennium.
The person who brought the Lordship Salvation controversy to the fore-front of evangelical theology was John MacArthur with the publication of his book The Gospel According to Jesus in 1988. The term ‘Lordship Salvation’ was coined by McArthur’s critics who were proponents of the ‘Free Grace’ theology (called “easy-believism” by critics).
Here is McArthur’s statement on Lordship Salvation today:
“The gospel that Jesus proclaimed was a call to discipleship, a call to follow Him in submissive obedience, not just a plea to make a decision or pray a prayer. Jesus’ message liberated people from the bondage of their sin while it confronted and condemned hypocrisy. It was an offer of eternal life and forgiveness for repentant sinners, but at the same time it was a rebuke to outwardly religious people whose lives were devoid of true righteousness. It put sinners on notice that they must turn from sin and embrace God’s righteousness. Our Lord’s words about eternal life were invariably accompanied by warnings to those who might be tempted to take salvation lightly. He taught that the cost of following Him is high, that the way is narrow and few find it. He said many who call him Lord will be forbidden from entering the kingdom of heaven (cf. Matt. 7:13-23).
Present-day evangelicalism, by and large, ignores these warnings. The prevailing view of what constitutes saving faith continues to grow broader and more shallow, while the portrayal of Christ in preaching and witnessing becomes fuzzy. Anyone who claims to be a Christian can find evangelicals willing to accept a profession of faith, whether or not the person’s behavior shows any evidence of commitment to Christ. In this way, faith has become merely an intellectual exercise. Instead of calling men and women to surrender to Christ, modern evangelism asks them only to accept some basic facts about Him.
This shallow understanding of salvation and the gospel, known as “easy-believism,” stands in stark contrast to what the Bible teaches. To put it simply, the gospel call to faith presupposes that sinners must repent of their sin and yield to Christ’s authority. This, in a nutshell, is what is commonly referred to as lordship salvation.”
Wick Broomall, a Presbyterian professor and theologian has a section in his book The Bible And The Future on Dispensational vs. Historic Premillennialism. He provides an interesting chart comparing the differences between these two viewpoints. If you are interested in the subject this extract from Br0omall’s book will prove useful:
Another article by B. B. Warfield on the inspiration of the Bible. In the article Warfield discusses both the Divine and the human elements in the Bible:
B. B. Warfield, successor to Charles Hodge at Princeton Seminary, is considered to be one of the greatest Reformed theologians of the 20th century. This article he wrote on the Divine Origin of the Bible is an excellent presentation of the doctrine of inspiration:
W. H. Griffith Thomas wrote an article on the resurrection of Christ for the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE) that is a classic. In it Thomas discusses the top 6 proofs of the resurrection and then discusses the theological issues. If you don’t have a copy of ISBE this article is worth having as a reference:
The New Covenant Theology (NCT) movement seems to be growing rapidly. Fred Zaspel presents a scholarly but easy to understand essay on the main difference between NCT and CT, which is the relation of the Christian to the Mosaic Law. The essay is New Covenant Theology and the Mosaic Law, A Theological and Exegetical Analysis of Matthew 5:17-20. If you are interested in NCT this e-book covers the subject exceptionally well:
The following article by Charles Hodge is a excellent summary of the rules of Biblical interpretation:
Rules of Interpretation By Charles Hodge
If every man has the right, and is bound to read the Scriptures, and to judge for himself what they teach, he must have certain rules to guide him in the exercise of this privilege and duty. These rules are not arbitrary. They are not imposed by human authority. They have no binding force which does not flow from their own intrinsic truth and propriety. They are few and simple.
1. The Words Of Scripture Are To Be Taken In Their Plain Historical Sense — That is, they must be taken in the sense attached to them in the age and by the people to whom they were addressed. This only assumes that the sacred writers were honest, and meant to be understood.
2. The Analogy Of Faith — If the Scriptures be what they claim to be, the word of God, they are the work of one mind, and that mind divine. From this it follows that Scripture cannot contradict Scripture. God cannot teach in one place anything which is inconsistent with what He teaches in another. Hence Scripture must explain Scripture. If a passage admits of different interpretations, that only can be the true one which agrees with what the Bible teaches elsewhere on the same subject. If the Scriptures teach that the Son is the same in substance and equal in power and glory with the Father, then when the Son says, “The Father is greater than I,” the superiority must be understood in a manner consistent with this equality. It must refer either to subordination as to the mode of subsistence and operation, or it must be official. A king’s son may say, “My father is greater than I,” although personally his father’s equal. This rule of interpretation is sometimes called the analogy of Scripture, and sometimes the analogy of faith. There is no material difference in the meaning of the two expressions.
An excellent essay on The Historical Basis of the Christian Faith: The Resurrection of Jesus by Scottish theologian Dr. James Denney. Denney asks the question “Does Jesus, as He is revealed to us in history, justify the Christian religion as we have had it exhibited to us in the New Testament?”. He then gives his answer as a resounding YES, and he gives a strong apologetic for the Resurrection as the basis.
I am making available for download an e-book Studies In Theology by Dr. James Denney (a Scottish theologian and Free Church minister). Denney is best known for his books Jesus And The Gospel and The Death Of Christ (which I posted earlier).
This e-book is a series of ten lectures Denney presented at the Chicago Theological Seminary and contains a wide range of topics in theology.
After many hours of frustration I have finally finished a project I have been working on. I am posting an e-book “Popular Lectures on Theological Themes” by A. A. Hodge. It was also published as “Evangelical Theology: A Course of Popular Lectures”.
I got the document in html format and it had been converted with an o.c.r. program. As a result it contained many misspelled words and strange characters at various points. Also some of the Greek words did not convert properly. I have edited the text the best I could and hope I have not missed anything or created any errors.
The lectures are transcribed and edited editions of 19 lectures Dr. Hodge gave on several occasions to groups of laymen. They are in a popular format but contain a wide range of reformed theology subjects. This is a book worth reading! Download and enjoy!
Today I am posting 2 excellent works on the life of Christ.
1. A Harmony Of The Gospels For Students Of The Life Of Christ by the noted Southern Baptist scholar A. T. Robertson. I have used several Gospel harmonies in the past and I think this is the best.
2. The Life Of Christ by J. Gresham Machen. This book is a short introduction of the person and work of Jesus Christ and is well suited for self-study or teaching Bible Classes. Dr. Machen was an American Presbyterian scholar, apologist, and author.
A Defense Of Calvinism And The Doctrines Of Grace by Charles H. Spurgeon
This e-book is a collection consisting of Charles H. Spugeon’s article A Defense of Calvinism and five sermons on the Doctrines of Grace. The sermons are titled: Human Inability, Election, Particular Redemption, Effectual Calling, and Final Perseverance. These titles he used were the common way of stating the 5 points of Calvinism. It was not until 1905 that the acronym TULIP started being used (see my article on the origin of TULIP here: http://wp.me/paiq3-fB).
There are those today that insist that Spurgeon was not a Calvinist (since his sermons were strongly evangelistic), but reading this book will leave no doubt of his commitment to reformed theology.
New e-book: The Covenants by R. B. C. Howell
Dr. Robert Boyte Crawford Howell (1810-1868), was a Calvinistic Baptist minister, scholar, and author. He was the second president of the Southern Baptist Convention, presiding from 1851 through 1858. Dr. Howell’s book The Covenants is a classic on the subject and should be in the library of anyone interested in Covenant Theology.
The Scofield Bible And Dispensationalism
(Westminster Standard Publication #45)
The following e-book is a critique of the Scofield Bible and Dispensationalism from a Reformed viewpoint. It was published by Westminster Standard Publications, Gisborne, N.Z. It does not give the date published but I suspect that it was quite a few years ago since it refers to what is now called ‘classic dispensationalism’, (Scofield, Chafer, Ryrie, Walvoord). It also refers to the theology that is sometimes called ‘hyper’ or ‘ultra-dispensationalism’ (Bullinger, Welch, Baker, O’Hair). The publication is a refutation of the teachings of the Scofield Bible and dispensationalism in general.
(thanks to www.the-highway.com for making this publication available on the internet)
The doctrine of the Atonement has been discussed and debated since the days of the early church. Part of the reason so many errors have arisen is because a correct understanding of the theological terminology used is missing or distorted. In the following e-book R. A. Finlayson goes into detail on subjects pertaining to the Atonement discussing such terms as: atonement, substitution, imputation, sacrifice, expiation, propitiation, reconciliation, and etc.
Pastor Lance G. Marshall has posted a number of e-books by reformed authors at his website Soli Deo Gloria
The following article The Person Of Christ by R. A. Finlayson was a help to me, especially in understanding the Kenosis theory vs. the Krypsis theory (which I was unfamiliar with). Finlayson has the ability to cover a lot of theology in just a few words. This article is definitely worth a read.
I am posting another e-book by Dr. Norman Spurgeon MacPherson titled Tell It Like It Will Be where he outlines his views on eschatology. It is concise, well written and an accurate summary of end-times events.
Dr. Norman S. MacPherson is a graduate of Columbia University and Princeton Theological Seminary and is the former Pastor, First Baptist Church, Otego, New York.
An essay on the Sabbath by reformed theologian A. A. Hodge:
What Are We to Make of Jesus Christ?
(From: “God in the Dock”, C. S. Lewis)
‘What are we to make of Jesus Christ?’ This is a question, which has, in a sense, a frantically comic side. For the real question is not what are we to make of Christ, but what is He to make of us? The picture of a fly sitting deciding what it is going to make of an elephant has comic elements about it. But perhaps the questioner meant what are we to make of Him in the sense of ‘How are we to solve the historical problem set us by the recorded sayings and acts of this Man?’ This problem is to reconcile two things. On the one hand you have got the almost generally admitted depth and sanity of His moral teaching, which is not very seriously questioned, even by those who are opposed to Christianity. In fact, I find when I am arguing with very anti-God people that they rather make a point of saying, ‘I am entirely in favour of the moral teaching of Christianity’ — and there seems to be a general agreement that in the teaching of this Man and of His immediate followers, moral truth is exhibited at its purest and best. It is not sloppy idealism; it is full of wisdom and shrewdness. The whole thing is realistic, fresh to the highest degree, the product of a sane mind. That is one phenomenon.
The e-book The Coming Of The Son Of Man By E. J. Poole-Connor is an excellent summary of the Second Coming and surrounding events. I don’t necessarily agree with all of his points but I think this is a well-done and very balanced treatment of the subject.
John Murray was a Scottish theologian who came to the U.S. and taught at Princeton Theological Seminary and Westminster Seminary. He was also a respected author and his book Redemption Accomplished And Applied is still in print and widely read and used in reformed circles. The e-book I am posting today is The Death of Christ by Dr. Murray where he analyzes the results of Christ’s death and gives a detailed exposition of the doctrines of Sacrifice, Propitiation, Reconciliation, and Redemption.
The doctrines of predestination and election were the hardest for me to understand when I first started studying reformed theology. Two short essays by B. B. Warfield helped. They are non-technical and easy to follow unlike many writings on the subject.
B. B. Warfield (1851-1921) was professor of Systematic Theology at Princeton Seminary from 1887 to 1921. Warfield is considered to be one of the greatest of the old-school Calvinistic theologians.
I am pleased to be able to provide a copy of the book Triumph Through Tribulation (A Frank Appraisal Of Twenty Arguments That The Church Will Not Pass Through The Tribulation), by Dr. Norman Spurgeon MacPherson. In the book MacPherson gives the background on the Biblical term ‘tribulation’ and completely disproves the arguments for a pretrib rapture.
Note: I was given permission to post this book by Dr. MacPherson’s son Dave MacPherson.