Archive for the ‘Theology’ Category

Charles Hodge On The Doctrine Of Redemption

July 30, 2014 Leave a comment

“The Scriptures teach us that the Son of God, the brightness of the Father’s glory, and the express image of his person, who thought it not robbery to be equal with God, became flesh, and subjected himself to the very law to which we were bound; that he perfectly obeyed that law, and suffered its penalty, and thus, by satisfying its demands, delivered us from its bondage, and introduced us into the glorious liberty of the sons of God. It is thus that the doctrine of redemption is presented in the Scriptures. “God,” says the apostle, “sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law” (Gal. 4.4-5). Being made under the law, we know that he obeyed it perfectly, and brought in everlasting righteousness, and is therefore declared to be “the Lord our righteousness, “(Jer. 23.6) since, by his obedience, many are constituted righteous (Rom. 5.19). He, therefore, is said to be made righteousness unto us (1 Cor. 1.30). And those who are in him are said to be righteous before God, not having their own righteousness, but that which is through the faith of Christ (Phil. 3.9”).

(From the book “Justification”, section 2, “The Demands Of The Law Are Satisfied By What Christ Has Done” by Charles Hodge).

The TULIP Acrostic

July 29, 2014 Leave a comment


The TULIP acrostic, while useful, is only an inadequate summary of the theology espoused at the Synod of Dort, much less that of the theology known as Calvinism. Properly understood, the theology known by the nickname of Calvinism is simply a full-orbed understanding of what the Bible teaches. In that light, a mere five points cannot summarize the whole, or even the crux of Scriptural doctrine. Are you a student of God’s Word, the Bible? Regular, daily time in the Bible is crucial to your spiritual health.

“But his delight in the law of the Lord, and in His law doth he meditate, day and night. And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper. (Psalm 1:2-3, KJV)

From the blog This Day In Presbyterian History.

J. I. Packer On Penal Substitution

July 28, 2014 Leave a comment

J. I. Packer describes how the doctrine of “penal substitution” theologically explains everything regarding the saving work of Christ’s death on the cross:

“What did Christ’s death accomplish? It redeemed us to God – purchased us at a price, that is, from captivity to sin for the freedom of life with God (Tit 2:14; Rev 5:9). How did it do that? By being a blood-sacrifice for our sins (Eph 1:7; Heb 9:11-15). How did that sacrifice have its redemptive effect? By making peace, achieving reconciliation, and so ending enmity between God and ourselves (Rom 5:10; 2 Cor 5:18-20; Eph 2:13-16; Col 1:19-20). How did Christ’s death make peace? By being a propitiation, an offering appointed by God himself to dissolve his judicial wrath against us by removing our sins from his sight (Rom 3:25; Heb 2:17; 1 Jn 2:2; 4:10). How did the Savior’s self-sacrifice have this propitiatory effect? By being a vicarious enduring of the retribution declared due to us by God’s own law (Gal 3:13; Col 2:13-14) – in other words, by penal substitution”

(Quoted from: The Atonement in the Life of the Christian, p 416, by J. I. Packer)

John R. W. Stott on the Cross

July 27, 2014 Leave a comment

“I could never myself believe in God, if it were not for the cross. The only God I believe in is the One Nietzsche ridiculed as ‘God on the cross.’ In the real world of pain, how could one worship a God who was immune to it? I have entered many Buddhist temples in different Asian countries and stood respectfully before the statue of the Buddha, his legs crossed, arms folded, eyes closed, the ghost of a smile playing round his mouth, a remote look on his face, detached from the agonies of the world. But each time after a while I have had to turn away. And in imagination I have turned instead to that lonely, twisted, tortured figure on the cross, nails through hands and feet, back lacerated, limbs wrenched, brow bleeding from thorn-pricks, mouth dry and intolerably thirsty, plunged in Godforsaken darkness. That is the God for me! He laid aside his immunity to pain. He entered our world of flesh and blood, tears and death. He suffered for us. Our sufferings become more manageable in the light of his. There is still a question mark against human suffering, but over it we boldly stamp another mark, the cross that symbolizes divine suffering. ‘The cross of Christ … is God’s only self-justification in such a world” as ours….’ ‘The other gods were strong; but thou wast weak; they rode, but thou didst stumble to a throne; But to our wounds only God’s wounds can speak, And not a god has wounds, but thou alone.”

(John R.W. Stott, The Cross)

A Study Of Dispensationalism by Arthur W. Pink

July 26, 2014 Leave a comment

If you are a dispensationalist you may want to skip this post!

Arthur W. Pink was a Reformed Baptist pastor, and prolific author of many books and articles. Early in his career he was a dispensational pretribulationist but changed his mind in his later years after years of extensive study.

The following e-book A Study Of Dispensationalism, contains a series of 5 articles for the purpose of refuting dispensationalism that was published in 1952 in his monthly magazine Studies in the Scriptures.. These articles demonstrate Pink’s changed position, he was strongly against the dispensational theology.


A Brief Confession Of Faith By John Calvin

July 26, 2014 1 comment

A Brief Confession Of Faith By John Calvin:

–I confess that there is one God, in whom we ought to rest, worshipping and serving him, and placing all our hope in him alone. And although he is of one essence, he is nevertheless distinguished into three persons. Wherefore, I detest all heresies condemned by the first Council of Nice, and likewise those of Ephesus and Chalcedon, along with all the errors revived by Servetus and his followers. For I acquiesce in the simple view, that in the one essence of God is the Father, who from eternity begat his own Word, and ever had in himself his own Spirit, and that each of these persons has his own peculiar properties, yet so that the Godhead always remains entire.

–I likewise confess, that God created not only this visible world, (that is, heaven and earth, and whatever is contained in them,) but also invisible spirits, some of whom have continued obedient to God, while others, by their own wickedness, have been precipitated into destruction. That the former have persevered, I acknowledge, to be due to the free election of God, who hastened to love them, and embrace them with his goodness, by bestowing upon them the power of remaining firm and steadfast. And I accordingly abominate the heresy of the Manichees, who imagined that the devil is wicked by nature, and derives origin and beginning from himself.

Read more…


July 26, 2014 Leave a comment

No comment needed!


Did Jesus Rise From The Dead?

July 24, 2014 1 comment

I ran across a little book on the resurrection of Jesus Christ by a lawyer named George W. Gere titled “Did Jesus Rise? Evidences Of The Resurrection From The View-Point Of A Lawyer”. I was able to reformat it and convert it to PDF format. The author has some interesting points that are worth considering.


Study Bible Recommendations by Theologue

July 24, 2014 Leave a comment

Several years ago I wrote an article titled “Study Bibles – A Critique” where I argued that they should not be used for reading and general study. I prefer using a reference Bible (with cross-references and concordance) for my Bible reading and study. My reason for this is that the notes in a Study Bible are absorbed, consciously or unconsciously, during normal reading & study and strongly affect the reader whether they recognize it or not. I know this from experience, as a young Christian I was given a Scofield Bible and soon was thoroughly indoctrinated with Scofield’s theology (which I have long since discarded).

Following are some recommendations for Study Bibles extracted from my article:

If you do own a Study Bible keep it on your bookshelf and use it for occasional reference only, as you would a Bible commentary or dictionary, and not for reading and study. Some pages in the average Study Bible contain more words of man than Words of God!, and despite efforts the student will be influenced by the interpretations of the editor.

Stay away from those Study Bibles written by one person and those with strong theological bias (such as the Dake Annotated Reference Bible, The Companion BibleScofield Reference Bible, Prophecy Study Bible, Ryrie Study Bible, LaHaye Prophecy Bible, Jimmy Swaggert’s Expositors Study Bible, etc.)!! Study Bibles produced by a committee of conservative evangelical scholars are generally more balanced and less likely to stray from orthodox theology.

Read more…

The Death Of Christ by James Denney

July 22, 2014 Leave a comment

Today I am posting “The Death Of Christ”, an e-book by James Denney.

About the author: James Denney, D.D. (1856-1917) was a Scottish theologian and preacher. Denney was Professor of Systematic Theology at Free Church College Glasgow in 1897 and spent the rest of his life teaching there.

Denney’s greatest contribution to theological literature is in his robust defense of the penal character of the atonement. First expressed in his Studies in Theology, it found its fullest expression in his 1902 work The Death of Christ (London, Hodder and Stoughton, often reprinted), and its follow-up (in later editions included as an appendix in The Death of Christ), The Atonement and the Modern Mind. Denney insists that the death of Christ cannot be understood unless it is seen as a death for sin, as Christ bearing the penalty in the place of those he came to save.  (info on James Denney adapted from a WikiPedia article)


First London Baptist Confession Of Faith

July 21, 2014 Leave a comment

I keep a copy of the Westminster Confession and the Second London Baptist Confession of 1689 and refer to them occasionally. I haven’t given much thought to the First London Baptist Confession of 1644 (later published with minor corrections in 1646).

I read an article recently stating that the 1644 Confession aligns with New Covenant Theology more than the 1689 Confession and the Westminster Confession which are closer to Covenant Theology. After re-reading the 1644 Confession I tend to agree.

Here is the 1644 Confession with the 1646 edits:


The Coming Of Christ By Dr. Charles R. Erdman

July 20, 2014 Leave a comment

Charles R. Erdman was a pastor, theologian, and professor at Princeton Theological Seminary during the Fundamentalist/Modernist controversy in the early 20th century.  He was a contributor to the Scofield Reference Bible when it first was published in 1909, but later recanted his pretribulational beliefs due to ‘further searching of the Scriptures.’  Charles Erdman would be classified today as a ‘historic premillennialist’.

The following article was 1st published in The Fundamentals, edited by R. A. Torrey (1910):


Arminianism and Calvinism Compared

July 19, 2014 2 comments

Arminianism and Calvinism Compared, an excellent chart comparing the two theologies:


and a comment on the matter by by Charles Spurgeon:



“Engrafted – Not Replaced” by Dr. Michael Milton

July 18, 2014 Leave a comment

If you have been following the Dispensational vs Covenant vs New Covent theology debate you have surely heard the term “replacement theology”, a term Classic and Hyper-Dispensationalists use to cast aspersions on and criticize those who disagree with them. They use what I call the “straw man” approach: they quote someone with which they disagree out of context, then huff and puff and try to blow them away.

Now there just may be some who believe in “replacement theology” but the Covenant theologians I have read and studied don’t agree with this assessment of the relation between Israel and the Church. The following article by Dr. Michael Milton (President, Reformed Theological Seminary, N.C.) gives a good explanation of how he views the Israel/Church relationship. The article is titled: “Engrafted – Not Replaced” (How I View True Israel, and Why I Support Ethnic Jews and the State of Israel and Pray for Them to Be Saved by Jesus Christ And Still Believe in Covenant Theology)! Quite a long title but definitely worth a read.

Engrafted-Not Replaced-DrMichaelMilton.pdf

The Blessed Hope

July 17, 2014 Leave a comment

The Blessed Hope, a quote from Dr. George Eldon Ladd*

“The Word of God does not teach that the Blessed Hope of the Church is a hope of deliverance from persecution.  The coming of Christ is described as the Blessed Hope in Titus 2:13  ‘Looking for the blessed hope and appearing of the glory of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ’. . . The Blessed Hope is the glorious epiphany (appearing) of Our Lord Himself, which occurs at the end of the Great Tribulation”. 

“To insist that the Blessed Hope must be escape from the Great Tribulation is to place the emphasis where the Scripture does not place it; it is in fact to impose an interpretation upon the Scripture in place of what the Word of God actually says.  The Word of God everywhere assures us that in this age we are to expect tribulation and persecution.  The last great persecution of Antichrist will indeed be worse and more fearful than anything the world has ever seen; but when we contemplate the history of martyrdom, why should we ask deliverance from what millions have already suffered?  When we read in the books of the Maccabees of the tortures inflicted upon the Jews who were faithful to the teaching of the Law by the manifestation of antichrist in the Syrian king Antiochus Epiphanes; when we recall the thousands of Christians who fell in torture and death and did it gladly in the name of Christ at the hands of the manifestation of the spirit of antichrist in the Roman emperors; when we are reminded of the Inquisition with its rack and wheel and flame; when we remember from our own generation the liquidation of several millions of Jews by a modern antichrist, and even more recently the martyrdom of tens of thousands of Korean Christians, what kind of faith does the Church of today exemplify and what sort of a gospel is it which we proclaim if we insist that God must deliver us from the hands of the last manifestation of antichrist at the end of the age? Read more…

Who Moved The Stone? By Frank Morison

July 17, 2014 1 comment

I am posting the e-book Who Moved The Stone?  by Frank Morison (aka Albert Henry Ross).  It is a great defense of the resurrection of Christ as a historical fact.  The author started out to write a book de-bunking the ‘myth’ of the resurrection and ended up becoming a christian and writing one of the best known defenses of the resurrection. It was written in 1930 and continues to be printed and circulated today.


The Approaching Advent Of Christ by Alexander Reese

July 14, 2014 Leave a comment

After several attempts I was finally able to create an e-book of Alexander Reese’s book “The Approaching Advent Of Christ”.  I am not totally satisfied with all of the formatting and footnote placements.  Hopefully in the future I will find time to work on it and will then re-post it.



Comparision Of Millennial Positions

July 14, 2014 Leave a comment

I previously posted an e-book by Dennis Swanson on Spurgeon’s eschatology. The following article is an adaptation of his chart on millennial theories.


The Not So Secret Rapture

July 12, 2014 Leave a comment

The Not So Secret Rapture is an article by W. Fred Rice. Rev. Rice, THM (Westminster Seminary), is an author, theologian, and a former Orthodox Presbyterian minister.  In the article he shows the “secret rapture” theory, as promoted by Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins and a host of others, is contrary to Biblical teachings.


3 E-books by Loraine Boettner

July 8, 2014 Leave a comment

I am posting 3 e-books by Loraine Boettner. He was a reformed professor, theologian, and staunch defender of Calvinism.




Jesus the Divine Word by Dr. Fred G. Zaspel

July 3, 2014 Leave a comment

The Divine Word by Fred Zaspel:

The apostle John is the only Biblical writer to refer to Jesus as “the Word.” He employs the other more usual titles also – Christ (Messiah), Lord, King, Lamb, etc. – but this one is unique to John. He begins his Gospel, his account of the earthly life of Jesus, by introducing Jesus as “the Word.”

Why does John refer to Jesus as “the Word” of God? What is the significance of this title? What is John trying to tell us?

One of the fundamental tenets of the Christian faith is that God speaks. Throughout all the many centuries of history God has been making himself known. He “speaks” in the very created order, revealing his power and wisdom and glory. He speaks in providence, his sovereign direction of all that is to his own ends. And he has spoken many times through the centuries to many of his chosen people and through his spokesmen the prophets. Our God speaks and makes himself known. Indeed, this is the whole ground of authority in the Christian religion. Christianity, unlike any other religion, is a revealed religion. What we believe we believe because God has communicated it to us. God has told us what is true and what is false, what is right and what is wrong, and we believe and respond accordingly. He has told us who he is and what he is like. He has told us how we may be saved and what will come of us if we do not comply. God has spoken. Everything about us rests on this fact. Read more…

Understanding The Lordship Controversy

July 3, 2014 Leave a comment

I have been following the “Lordship” controversy for many years. During my Scofield Bible carrying days I believed in the non-lordship theory, only because it was what I was taught. I changed my mind as I began to study the Scriptures for myself (and placed my Scofield Bible on the bookshelf where it belongs!). The following short article by Dr. J. I. Packer sums up the controversy very nicely using Zane Hodges as an example of the ‘easy-believism’ advocate. It is well worth reading!


I have 2 longer and more technical article that I will post later.

Marantha – Our Lord Cometh

July 3, 2014 Leave a comment

“Our Lord Cometh” is a translation of ‘marantha’ in 1 Cor 16:22 (KJV). This is also the title of a book by Rev. W. J. Rowlands, a Congregationalist minister in England. The book was 1st published in 1939 by the author. It is written from the post-tribulation viewpoint and Rowlands does a good job of decimating the “two stage” theory of the Second Coming of Christ.



The Incomparable Christ

June 30, 2014 Leave a comment

The Incomparable Christ

“More than 1900 years ago there was a Man born contrary to the laws of nature. This man lived in poverty and was reared in obscurity. Only once did He cross the boundary of the country in which He lived, which was during His exile in childhood. In infancy He startled a king; in childhood He puzzled the doctors; in manhood He ruled the course of nature, walked upon the billows as if on pavement, and hushed the sea to sleep with just the spoken word. Read more…

Charles H. Spurgeon – Historic Premillennialist

June 20, 2014 Leave a comment

Today I am posting the paper Charles H. Spurgeon And Eschatology – Did He Have A Discernible Millennial Position? by Dr. Dennis M. Swanson, MDiv, DMin.  Dr. Swanson is a Vice President at Masters Seminary and well regarded theologian and author.  His analysis of Spurgeon’s eschatology is thorough and fair.  He demonstrates that Spurgeon’s view of eschatology in relation to the millennium is best described as a “historic or covenantal premillennial” position, which may come as a surprise to many.  If you like Spurgeon and eschatology this is a ‘must read’.


(posted with permission from the author)

A shorter version can be downloaded at the Masters Seminary site:

Covenant Theology vs Dispensational Theology

June 19, 2014 1 comment

Several years ago I came across this chart showing the main differences between Covenant (CT) and Dispensational Theology (DT) and reformatted it to post here. I think I will add a middle column for New Covenant Theology (NCT) to show how it shares some commonality with both viewpoints. Some are saying that NCT adopts the good theology of CT and DT and doesn’t include the weak theology of either, but I am not convinced of that assessment.


The Rapture Question

June 18, 2014 Leave a comment

On my previous website I had a lot of materials on eschatology. I am in the process of converting some to PDF format to post on this blog. This article is from the American Presbyterian Church website. They don’t officially require their elders to hold to any position on eschatology but from what I have seen they do have premillennialists in their number. The article is from a Historic Premillennialist point of view and pokes holes in the dispensational/pretrib theory.


The Kingdom, The Millennium, & The Eschaton

June 17, 2014 Leave a comment

The Kingdom, The Millennium, & The Eschaton:
A Brief Overview of New Testament Prophecy
By Dr. Fred Zaspel

Another paper by Fred Zaspel.  Zaspel is a Reformed Baptist and advocate of New Covenant Theology. He is a premillennialist and does a great job of explaining and defending his position on eschatology.


The Two Covenants (The Answer To Dispensational Theology) By Philip Mauro

June 16, 2014 Leave a comment

The Two Covenants (The Answer To Dispensational Theology) By Philip Mauro is a defense of Covenant Theology vs. Dispensationalism. Mauro was a well respected lawyer and author. This article was taken from his book The Gospel Of The Kingdom:


J. I. Packer On Penal Substitution

June 16, 2014 Leave a comment

J. I. Packer describes how the doctrine of “penal substitution” theologically explains everything regarding the saving work of Christ’s death on the cross:

“What did Christ’s death accomplish? It redeemed us to God – purchased us at a price, that is, from captivity to sin for the freedom of life with God (Tit 2:14; Rev 5:9).  How did it do that?  By being a blood-sacrifice for our sins (Eph 1:7; Heb 9:11-15).  How did that sacrifice have its redemptive effect?  By making peace, achieving reconciliation, and so ending enmity between God and ourselves (Rom 5:10; 2 Cor 5:18-20; Eph 2:13-16; Col 1:19-20).  How did Christ’s death make peace?  By being a propitiation, an offering appointed by God himself to dissolve his judicial wrath against us by removing our sins from his sight (Rom 3:25; Heb 2:17; 1 Jn 2:2; 4:10).  How did the Savior’s self-sacrifice have this propitiatory effect?  By being a vicarious enduring of the retribution declared due to us by God’s own law (Gal 3:13; Col 2:13-14) – in other words, by penal substitution”

(Quoted from: The Atonement in the Life of the Christian, p 416, by J. I. Packer)


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 46 other followers